Gerald Matthews

Gerald Matthews

Gerald Matthews


Human-machine teaming; assessment of task stress, workload and fatigue; cognition and emotion; driver behavior; individual differences in human performance

Gerald Matthews is Professor of Psychology at George Mason University.  He previously held faculty positions at the University of Dundee, in Scotland, and the University of Cincinnati. He was also Research Professor at the Institute for Simulation and Training at the University of Central Florida. His research interests combine human factors, stress and emotion, and individual differences. His contributions include developing the Dundee Stress State Questionnaire for measurement of task-induced stress, multivariate modeling of individual differences in sustained performance, contributing to the model of cognition and emotion that underpins Metacognitive Therapy, and developing the first major critique of "emotional intelligence". His research has been funded by multiple Department of Defense agencies, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity. 

Gerald has been President of Division 13 (Traffic and Transportation and Psychology) of the International Association for Applied Psychology (IAAP) and of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences (ISSID). He is a Fellow of IAAP. He is Specialty Chief Editor for the Social Psychology and Personality Section of Frontiers in Psychology. He is also an Associate Editor for Human Factors and Personality and Individual Differences. He has received book awards from the British Psychological Society and the Association of American Publishers. 



Selected Publications

Corr, P. L.,  & Matthews, G. (Eds.) (2020). Cambridge handbook of personality (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lin, J., Matthews, G., Wohleber, R. W., Funke, G. J., Calhoun, G. L., Ruff, H. A., Szalma, J. & Chiu, P. (2020). Overload and automation-dependence in a multi-UAS simulation: Task demand and individual difference factors. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 26, 218–235.

Matthews, G. (2016). Multidimensional profiling of task stress states for human factors: A brief review. Human Factors, 58, 801-813.

Matthews, G., Hancock, P. A., Lin, J., Panganiban, A. R., Reinerman-Jones, L. E., Szalma, J. L., & Wohleber, R. W. (2021). Evolution and revolution: Personality research for the coming world of robots, artificial intelligence, and autonomous systems. Personality and Individual Differences, 169, 109969.

Matthews, G., & Reinerman-Jones, L.E. (2017). Workload assessment: How to diagnose workload issues and enhance performance. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.

Matthews, G., Wohleber, R, & Lin, J. (2019). Stress, skilled performance, and expertise: Overload and beyond. In P. Ward, J.M. Schraagen, J. Gore, & E. Roth (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Expertise. New York: Oxford.


Courses Taught

PSYC-768-003 Advanced Topics in Cognitive Science - Psychology



BA, 1980, University of Cambridge

PhD, 1984, University of Cambridge